The history of HMV has been well documented. In short it's beginnings lay in the work of Emile Berliner, inventor of the flat disc, at the end of the 19th century under whose direction the Gramophone Company was established in the UK. Following a meeting with artist Francis Barraud, a painting of his late brother's dog Nipper attracted the attention of The Gramophone Company as a logo and the name HMV (His Master's Voice) came into existence, this being the title given to the painting by the artist. For a while the company also made typewriters and became the Gramophone and Typewriter Company but in 1907 reverted back to it's former name with a single focus on gramophones.
The gramophone industry boomed in the 20's but the depression at the end of 1929 caused financial problems which ultimately led to a merger with Columbia to form EMI ( Electric and Music Industries) in 1931. Subsequent to this, whilst branding remained separate, models would include components across the two brands with some models being essentially identical except for the badge and model number they carried.
1958 saw the end of acoustic gramophone production with the last sales as late as 1960.
The gramophones in my collection range in date from 1924 through the period of the merger with Columbia to an example of one of the last portables to be produced by EMI in 1958.
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A line of 101's representing HMV's portable gramophone available from 1925 to 1931