Restore-A-Gram ARTY GB (1) copy


Gramophone Needles

Gram. Needles

Garrard 11a; 12b; 14

Garrard and Company had come into existence in 1721 as jewellers and were appointed Crown Jewellers of London with responsibility for the care and maintenance of of the crown jewels.  During World War 1 their craftsmen manufactured precision range finders for the artillery.  In 1915 they formed the Garrard Engineering and Manufacturing Company operating from Willesden, London.  At the end of the war Garrard looked for consumer products to manufacture and found part of the answer in the need for clockwork motors for the rapidly developing gramophone industry.  The quietness and smooth running of their motors led to them being used by major gramophone companies such as Columbia and Decca along with a number of smaller manufacturers.  Later they were to go on to produce electric motors and the famous range of turntables that formed the heart of many a 1960's and 1970's record player and hi fi set up.

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No. 11a

Double spring motor.

Columbia 113 and 113a

Model variations seem plentiful although the differences in some instances are difficult to observe.  Columbia were amongst the biggest users, if not, it seems, the biggest.  After the merger with The Gramophone Company however Columbia's use of Garrard motors declined once contracts existing at the time of the merger had expired.  Garrard models frequently use eccentric bearings for supporting the governor armature to allow for gear wear.  When working on these motors it is therefore essential to ensure the bearing holes are in alignment.  Also, as with the 26590, it is best not to remove both bearings at the same time when servicing the motors in order to maintain a correct governor armature position as no location notches are provided on the bearings.

No. 12b

Single spring motor.

Decca 130

No. 14

Single spring motor.

Columbia 100, Decca 120