First of all you need to ask the question why record 78's and cylinders and there can be a number of answers to this. For myself I have recordings that I enjoy playing on my gramophones and phonographs that I know are being subject to the wear and tear of being played. In addition there may be favourite damaged recordsings that I would like to restore the sound on. There may be others, it's a very personal thing. For those interested this is how I set about it.
I use 3 methods for recording the record:-
1. To maintain the characteristics of a particular gramophone I use a Beyer 100 microphone with a stand linked into a Yamaha MT3X portable recording studio. This is in turn output to the line in on my computer.
2. For direct recording of 78's I use a Goldring Lenco GL 75 turntable equipped with a Shure M44-7 and a 32CT stylus from the Expert Stylus Co.
3. For phonograph cylinders I use the Phonolink which I connect either direct to my PC or via the Yamaha MT3X portable recording studio.
Click on thumbnails for larger image
For transferring from a gramophone/phonograph to the computer I use a programme that will enable the capture of the track in real time and some means of editing. For this I use a rather old piece of software called "Cool Edit Pro". A similar piece of software is available as a download. It is called "Audacity" and I believe it is a later version of "Cool Edit Pro" revamped but don't quote me on that. At the same time I usually have open my soundcard's recording control found from Control Panel in Windows. This gives me control over the signal going into the computers line input (or microphone input in the case of the Phonolink) and therefore recording level. (For direct recording from the GL75 I simply go straight into my "Spin It Again" software.)
The audio file from "Cool Edit Pro" or the direct recording from the GL75 is finally cleaned up in "Spin It Again" from Acoustica. Again a bit dated but it works. No doubt the same processes are now incorporated in software like "Audacity". "Spin It Again" gives me the ability to clean out clicks and bangs as well as surface noise.
Above: Recording a gramophone. Below: direct from a GL75 turntable
The Phonolink allows me to record either straight into the computer or into the Yamaha MT3X. Having just received the Phonolimk I am still expeimenting with editing the resulting recording. So far so good though!! Follow the link opposite to the Phonolink website for more information.